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《减盐新闻》2017年2月10日

  日期:2017-03-08   点击:1238

 

《减盐资(zi)讯》汇(hui)总自上一(yi)期起最新的(de)(de)与钠(na)摄入(ru)和减盐相(xiang)关的(de)(de)新闻(wen)文章(或(huo)标题),大约每两周(zhou)发布一(yi)次。内(nei)容包(bao)括:行业资(zi)讯、政府资(zi)讯、各州/地方(fang)资(zi)讯、国际(ji)资(zi)讯、新的(de)(de)调查和研究成果(guo)等(deng)等(deng)。目的(de)(de)是为(wei)了(le)让公(gong)众(zhong)对与钠(na)相(xiang)关的(de)(de)新闻(wen)话题有一(yi)个(ge)快速了(le)解(jie)。

 

2017128日到210                                                               

行业新闻

“监(jian)管(guan)者和卫生(sheng)活动人士以不加区分的(de)方式向所有(you)人推(tui)广(guang)减(jian)(jian)钠(na)计划的(de)做法是错误(wu)的(de)”,Michelle Minton说(shuo),她(ta)是竞争企业协会出(chu)版的(de)一份报(bao)告(gao)的(de)作(zuo)者。“没有(you)证据证明,大幅减(jian)(jian)钠(na)能够促进公共健康总体(ti)水平……”她(ta)说(shuo)。她(ta)的(de)观点(dian)与BMJ最(zui)近(jin)的(de)一项研(yan)究(jiu)相矛盾,后者分析了(le)钠(na)“软规定”政策(ce)的(de)价值。BMJ研(yan)究(jiu)表明,如果10年(nian)内(nei)全球钠(na)摄入量减(jian)(jian)少(shao)10%,目前(qian)每(mei)年(nian)因心血管(guan)疾病致死量可(ke)减(jian)(jian)少(shao)近(jin)600万个寿(shou)命年(nian),而每(mei)个减(jian)(jian)少(shao)的(de)寿(shou)命年(nian)平均费用仅(jin)204美元。-肉类+家禽

TGI Fridays餐(can)(can)厅(ting)(ting)的(de)(de)(de)杰克丹尼排骨加虾配调味(wei)薯条和卷心菜(cai)套餐(can)(can),是公(gong)共(gong)利(li)(li)益科学中(zhong)心(CSPI)在实施的(de)(de)(de)一项新活(huo)动中(zhong)首个调查的(de)(de)(de)餐(can)(can)厅(ting)(ting)食(shi)(shi)品(pin)(pin),该中(zhong)心是一个关注(zhu)消(xiao)费者(zhe)利(li)(li)益的(de)(de)(de)非营利(li)(li)组织(zhi)。这项名(ming)为(wei)“食(shi)(shi)盐(yan)攻击”活(huo)动关注(zhu)的(de)(de)(de)焦点是高钠(na)含(han)(han)量的(de)(de)(de)包装类食(shi)(shi)品(pin)(pin)和餐(can)(can)厅(ting)(ting)食(shi)(shi)品(pin)(pin)。TGI Fridays提供(gong)的(de)(de)(de)一客排骨大(da)虾套餐(can)(can)钠(na)含(han)(han)量为(wei)4000毫(hao)克,是《美国居民膳食(shi)(shi)指南》推荐(jian)的(de)(de)(de)健康成人(ren)日均钠(na)摄入(ru)限值(2300毫(hao)克/天)的(de)(de)(de)1.5倍。CSPI说(shuo),食(shi)(shi)品(pin)(pin)和药品(pin)(pin)管理局设定的(de)(de)(de)自愿减钠(na)目标“可(ke)以让消(xiao)费者(zhe)控制钠(na)摄入(ru)量。”公(gong)共(gong)利(li)(li)益科学中(zhong)心

 

/地方新闻

作为二月(yue)份美国(guo)(guo)心(xin)脏月(yue)活动的(de)一(yi)部分,西北(bei)卡(ka)罗(luo)(luo)莱(lai)纳地区YMCA正在向(xiang)成员(yuan)宣(xuan)传如何降低钠摄入(ru)量,为其监测血压。西北(bei)卡(ka)罗(luo)(luo)莱(lai)纳地区YMCA的(de)部分建议包括,减少加工食(shi)品进食(shi),选择(ze)更多水果和(he)蔬(shu)菜(cai),提(ti)高钾摄入(ru)。本计划是YMCA发起的(de)Million Hearts®全国(guo)(guo)计划的(de)一(yi)部分。《山地快讯》(Mountain Xpress)

Vivica Kraak,弗(fu)吉(ji)尼(ni)亚大(da)学(xue)农业和(he)生命科学(xue)学(xue)院人类营(ying)养、食品(pin)和(he)锻炼(lian)系助理(li)教授,获得2017年度富布赖(lai)特学(xue)者奖,前往丹(dan)麦(mai)从事(shi)食品(pin)政策(ce)和(he)营(ying)养教学(xue)和(he)研(yan)究工作。她将(jiang)采访政府、行业和(he)民间团体等政策(ce)实(shi)施者和(he)利益关系者,了解(jie)他们对组建志愿合作组织降低丹(dan)麦(mai)食品(pin)供应钠含量的(de)态度。Kraak的(de)研(yan)究成果(guo)将(jiang)编纂为一(yi)份联(lian)合出版物,提供给丹(dan)麦(mai)政策(ce)制(zhi)定(ding)者和(he)世界卫生组织,向丹(dan)麦(mai)以外地(di)区宣(xuan)传她的(de)研(yan)究成果(guo)和(he)建议。-弗(fu)吉(ji)尼(ni)亚理(li)工大(da)学(xue)新闻

国际新闻

最(zui)近,法国(guo)(guo)消(xiao)费者团体(ti)QueChoisir发(fa)布(bu)的一份(fen)研究表明,法国(guo)(guo)消(xiao)费者应(ying)该寻找加工(gong)食品(pin)(pin)(pin)内(nei)“隐藏”的盐(yan)分(fen),选择相近但(dan)更加健康的食品(pin)(pin)(pin)。在QueChoisir两年内(nei)检测的77种食品(pin)(pin)(pin)中,只有13种钠(na)(na)含(han)(han)量(liang)(liang)(liang)降(jiang)低。本(ben)研究项(xiang)(xiang)目指出,部(bu)分(fen)食品(pin)(pin)(pin)钠(na)(na)含(han)(han)量(liang)(liang)(liang)降(jiang)幅超过20%,但(dan)是其他(ta)食品(pin)(pin)(pin)钠(na)(na)含(han)(han)量(liang)(liang)(liang)反而增加。研究发(fa)现,在加工(gong)食品(pin)(pin)(pin)中,腌制火腿含(han)(han)盐(yan)量(liang)(liang)(liang)最(zui)高,每(mei)100克火腿含(han)(han)盐(yan)4-5克。QueChoisir提供(gong)了一项(xiang)(xiang)餐品(pin)(pin)(pin)计划,为普通食品(pin)(pin)(pin)提供(gong)低钠(na)(na)含(han)(han)量(liang)(liang)(liang)替代配(pei)方。-食品(pin)(pin)(pin)导航(Food Navigator)

最近一份(fen)BMJ研究(jiu)表明(ming),英国(guo)现行减钠策(ce)(ce)略(lve)在不(bu)同(tong)社会(hui)经(jing)济(ji)群体中并未达到(dao)相同(tong)效(xiao)果,甚至可能增加(jia)了胃癌发病差异。研究(jiu)表明(ming),现有计划更(geng)符(fu)合富裕和(he)健康意识(shi)较强的(de)消费者。研究(jiu)作(zuo)者认为,旨在降(jiang)低食(shi)盐摄入量的(de)干(gan)预措施,还应(ying)着眼工业结(jie)构(gou)政策(ce)(ce),降(jiang)低健康环节中存在的(de)社会(hui)经(jing)济(ji)不(bu)平(ping)等问题。研究(jiu)指(zhi)出,2016年(nian)实施的(de)额(e)外立(li)法政策(ce)(ce)可能降(jiang)低这(zhei)一不(bu)均衡现象(xiang)。-食(shi)品导航

《公共(gong)健康营养》杂志研(yan)究(jiu)表(biao)(biao)明,由于减盐(yan)计(ji)划成功(gong)实现了不(bu)断提高的减盐(yan)目(mu)标,英国人常见(jian)谷(gu)类早餐(can)食(shi)品含盐(yan)水平(ping)下(xia)(xia)降(jiang)了大约50%。但是,这些谷(gu)类食(shi)品的含糖(tang)量仍然高居不(bu)下(xia)(xia)。该(gai)研(yan)究(jiu)表(biao)(biao)示,尽(jin)管已经(jing)大幅(fu)下(xia)(xia)降(jiang),但是谷(gu)类食(shi)品含盐(yan)量仍然很高,也是该(gai)国高钠(na)摄入量的主要原因。本项研(yan)究(jiu)的作者呼吁(yu),进一(yi)步降(jiang)低谷(gu)类食(shi)品钠(na)和(he)糖(tang)含量水平(ping)。-《贝尔法斯特(te)电(dian)讯报(bao)》

新研究/调研成果

《美国肾脏病(bing)学(xue)(xue)会(hui)杂志(zhi)》即将出版的一期刊(kan)登了(le)一篇指出,因(yin)为皮肤和肌(ji)肉等(deng)组织存储钠(na)(na)元素,对慢性肾病(bing)患(huan)者的心脏来说,将皮肤钠(na)(na)含(han)量(liang)(liang)纳入控制治疗目标可能产生积极效果。皮肤钠(na)(na)含(han)量(liang)(liang)与心脏收缩压有关(guan),而非全身(shen)总含(han)水(shui)量(liang)(liang)。此外,皮肤钠(na)(na)含(han)量(liang)(liang)与左心室大(da)小有关(guan),与身(shen)体总含(han)水(shui)量(liang)(liang)无关(guan)。《医学(xue)(xue)快(kuai)讯》(Medical Xpress)

 

请(qing)注意:

本简讯英(ying)文版由美国疾病预防控制中心(xin)发布,中文版由骄(jiao)阳翻译公司翻译,如有歧义,请以英(ying)文版本为准(zhun)。

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Salt in the News captures news articles (or headlines) related to sodium and sodium reduction that have been published since the last edition, about every 2 weeks. Content includes Industry News, Government News, State/Local News, International News, New Studies and Research, and more. The purpose is to provide a snapshot of sodium-related topics in the media.

Jan 28-Feb 10, 2017

“Regulators and health activists are wrong to push a one-size-fits-all sodium-restriction plan on everyone”, claims Michelle Minton, author of a report published by the Competitive Enterprise Institute. “There’s no evidence that a severe cutback in sodium will lead to overall public health gains…,” she said. Her statements conflict with recent research in BMJ that analyzed the value of “soft regulation” policy for sodium. A 10% global sodium reduction over the course of 10 years could save nearly 6 million life-years currently lost to cardiovascular disease each year, at an average cost of $204 per life-year saved, according to the BMJ study. – Meat + Poultry

TGI Fridays’ Jack Daniels Ribs & Shrimp with Seasoned Fries and Coleslaw is the first restaurant item being featured in a new campaign by the Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI), a consumer interest nonprofit. The campaign, “Salt Assault”, spotlights packaged and restaurant foods that contain high levels of sodium. An order of TGI Fridays’ Ribs & Shrimp meal has 4,000 milligrams of sodium—more than one and a half times the daily sodium limit (2,300 milligrams a day) suggested for healthy adults in the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Voluntary sodium reduction targets set by the Food and Drug Administration may “help put consumers back in control,” said CSPI. – Center for Science in the Public Interest

As part of an American Heart Month initiative in February, the YMCA of Western North Carolina is offering members tips to reduce their sodium intake and monitor their blood pressure. Some of the YMCA of Western North Carolina’s suggestions include eating less processed foods, choosing more fruits and vegetables, and eating more potassium. The initiative is part of the YMCA’s national commitment to the Million Hearts® campaign. – Mountain Xpress

Vivica Kraak, an assistant professor in the Department of Human Nutrition, Foods, and Exercise in the Virginia Tech College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, has been awarded a 2017 Fulbright Scholar award to teach and conduct research on food policy and nutrition in Denmark. She will interview government, industry, and civil society policy actors and stakeholders, learning about their attitudes toward forming voluntary partnerships to reduce sodium in Denmark’s food supply. Kraak’s research will lead to a collaborative publication that will be shared with Danish policymakers and the World Health Organization in hopes of extending her findings and recommendations beyond Denmark. – Virginia Tech News

French consumers should look for “hidden” salt levels in processed food and choose nearly identical products that are healthier, according to a recent study by QueChoisir, a French consumer group. Sodium was reduced in only 13 out of 77 food products QueChoisir tested over a 2-year span. Some products cut sodium levels by more than 20%, while others’ sodium content increased, according to the study. Among processed foods, cured hams contained the most salt, with 4 to 5 grams of sodium per 100-gram serving, the study found. QueChoisir provided a meal plan offering lower sodium alternatives to common products.  – Food Navigator

Current sodium reduction strategies in the United Kingdom are not equally effective across socioeconomic groups and have likely increased inequalities in gastric cancer cases, according to a recent BMJ study. The current initiatives resonate more with wealthier, more health-conscious consumers, the research shows. Interventions aiming to reduce salt consumption should also aim to reduce socioeconomic inequalities in health through industry structural policies, according to study authors. Additional legislative policies from 2016 may reduce the imbalance, the study said. – Food Navigator

Salt levels in popular U.K. breakfast cereals have fallen by about 50%, owing to a successful reduction program to meet incremental targets, according to research in the journal Public Health Nutrition. However, the sugar content of the same cereals remains high. Despite significant reductions, cereals are still too high in salt and are a major contributor to national sodium intake, the study said. Authors of the study are calling for further reductions in cereals’ sodium and sugar content. – Belfast Telegraph

Treatments targeting skin sodium may have beneficial effects on the hearts of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), since tissues such as skin and muscle store sodium, according to a new in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. Skin sodium content, but not total body water, correlated with systolic blood pressure. Moreover, skin sodium content correlated with left ventricular mass independent of total body water. – Medical Xpress

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