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《减盐新闻》2017年2月24日

  日期:2017-03-22   点击:1607

《减盐(yan)(yan)资(zi)讯(xun)》汇总自上一(yi)期起最新的(de)(de)(de)与钠摄入和减盐(yan)(yan)相关的(de)(de)(de)新闻(wen)文章(或标(biao)题(ti)),大约每两周发布一(yi)次。内容(rong)包(bao)括:行(xing)业资(zi)讯(xun)、政(zheng)府资(zi)讯(xun)、各州/地方(fang)资(zi)讯(xun)、国(guo)际(ji)资(zi)讯(xun)、新的(de)(de)(de)调查和研究成果(guo)等等。目的(de)(de)(de)是为了让公(gong)众对与钠相关的(de)(de)(de)新闻(wen)话题(ti)有(you)一(yi)个(ge)快速了解(jie)。

2017211日到224

/地方新闻

州(zhou)上(shang)诉法(fa)院认(ren)(ren)为,纽(niu)约(yue)市(shi)规定(ding)连锁餐厅(ting)应对钠(na)含量超过2300毫(hao)克的食品进行标记的要求(qiu)合法(fa)且有益。全国餐厅(ting)协会认(ren)(ren)为,这一(yi)要求(qiu)让(rang)顾客感到混(hun)乱,侵(qin)犯了(le)餐厅(ting)的言论自(zi)由(you)权,超出(chu)了(le)健(jian)(jian)康委员(yuan)会的职权范(fan)围。纽(niu)约(yue)市(shi)前市(shi)长迈(mai)克尔·布隆伯格执政时期(qi),该市(shi)发起了(le)一(yi)系(xi)列健(jian)(jian)康饮食计划,标签规定(ding)便(bian)是其(qi)中(zhong)之一(yi)。现任市(shi)长Michael de Blasio向(xiang)纽(niu)约(yue)市(shi)健(jian)(jian)康部门和上(shang)诉法(fa)院表达了(le)谢意(yi),称这项决(jue)定(ding)是一(yi)项符(fu)合“常识的裁决(jue)”。——美联社

国际新闻

最(zui)近,《PLOS医(yi)学杂志》刊登的一篇表明,通过(guo)制定食(shi)品(pin)税(shui)和补贴(tie)(tie)政策,澳(ao)大利亚(ya)可以节约大量医(yi)疗保健(jian)资金(jin)。此项(xiang)研究中,研究人员对(dui)(dui)含(han)饱和脂肪、食(shi)盐和食(shi)糖(tang)食(shi)品(pin)及(ji)含(han)糖(tang)饮料(liao)进行(xing)(xing)征税(shui),以及(ji)向(xiang)水果蔬菜提供补贴(tie)(tie)政策对(dui)(dui)2200万澳(ao)大利亚(ya)人(2010年人口统计数据(ju))产生的影响(xiang)进行(xing)(xing)了模型分析。据(ju)估计,这项(xiang)食(shi)盐征税(shui)计划可以减少130000伤残调(diao)整(zheng)寿命年(DALY)。总体(ti)来看,两项(xiang)措施整(zheng)合(he)可以实(shi)现效益最(zui)大化(hua),税(shui)收和补贴(tie)(tie)预计可以减少470000伤残调(diao)整(zheng)寿命年,同时减少34亿澳(ao)大利亚(ya)元(23亿美(mei)元)的医(yi)保支出。——《科学日(ri)报(bao)》

新研究/调研成果

奥古斯塔大(da)学(xue)的一项研究(jiu)表(biao)明,高(gao)(gao)钠摄入(ru)可能(neng)导致(zhi)女性体内(nei)(nei)细胞(bao)肿大(da),引起(qi)免疫反应,从(cong)(cong)而(er)诱发慢性高(gao)(gao)血(xue)压(ya)疾(ji)病(bing)。该大(da)学(xue)医学(xue)院(yuan)生理学(xue)系荣(rong)获美国心(xin)脏协会杰出研究(jiu)人员(yuan)奖、从(cong)(cong)事减盐研究(jiu)的药理和(he)生理专(zhuan)家Jennifer C. Sullivan说(shuo),“如果(guo)你对(dui)食盐敏感(gan),你的体内(nei)(nei)就会积存食盐和(he)水分(fen),数量不(bu)断积累,身体器官就会承受压(ya)力,对(dui)细胞(bao)产生不(bu)利(li)影响。”从(cong)(cong)事高(gao)(gao)血(xue)压(ya)性别(bie)差异研究(jiu)的Sullivan认(ren)为,大(da)约一半的高(gao)(gao)血(xue)压(ya)患(huan)者是(shi)女性,但是(shi)许多(duo)旨在认(ren)识和(he)治疗高(gao)(gao)血(xue)压(ya)的科研项目(mu)均以男性为对(dui)象。——医疗新(xin)闻网

其它信息

专栏作家Krissy Brady对(dui)食(shi)(shi)糖和(he)食(shi)(shi)盐对(dui)身体(ti)(ti)(ti)的(de)(de)影响(xiang)进行(xing)了对(dui)比分析,以(yi)便(bian)确定哪(na)个(ge)对(dui)身体(ti)(ti)(ti)的(de)(de)危(wei)害更(geng)大。过度食(shi)(shi)用(yong)加糖食(shi)(shi)品并不(bu)会产(chan)生多少营养(yang)价值,反而可(ke)能(neng)增加糖尿病和(he)肾衰竭等患病风(feng)险,但是适量摄入钠有(you)助于维(wei)持身体(ti)(ti)(ti)的(de)(de)正常(chang)功能(neng)。该专栏发(fa)现,大多数人每(mei)天摄入钠约3400毫(hao)(hao)克(ke)(ke),远远超过现有(you)饮(yin)(yin)食(shi)(shi)指南中建议不(bu)超过2300毫(hao)(hao)克(ke)(ke)的(de)(de)标准。该文结论认为,过量食(shi)(shi)糖摄入危(wei)害更(geng)大,这种(zhong)饮(yin)(yin)食(shi)(shi)习惯无助于关键身体(ti)(ti)(ti)机能(neng)的(de)(de)改善,其负面影响(xiang)与残(can)留钠相结合,将产(chan)生更(geng)大危(wei)害。——《女(nv)性健康》

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Salt in the News captures news articles (or headlines) related to sodium and sodium reduction that have been published since the last edition, about every 2 weeks. Content includes Industry News, Government News, State/Local News, International News, New Studies and Research, and more. The purpose is to provide a snapshot of sodium-related topics in the media.

Feb 11-24, 2017

New York City’s requirement for chain restaurants to flag menu items that have more than 2,300 milligrams of sodium is both legal and beneficial, a state appeals court said. The National Restaurant Association argued that the requirement confuses customers, violates restaurateurs’ free speech rights, and exceeds the health board’s authority. The labels follow other pioneering healthy eating initiatives created under former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg. Current Mayor Michael de Blasio thanked the New York City health department and the appeals court, calling the decision a “common-sense ruling.” – Associated Press

Australia could save in health care costs by instituting a combination of food taxes and subsidies, according to a new published in PLOS Medicine. In the study, researchers modeled the effect that taxes on food containing saturated fat, salt, sugar and on sugar-sweetened beverages and a subsidy on fruits and vegetables would have on the 2010 Australian population of 22 million people. The proposed salt tax was estimated to avert 130,000 disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). Overall, when combined to maximize benefits, the taxes and subsidies could save an estimated 470,000 DALYs and reduce health care spending by AU$3.4 billion (US$2.3 billion). – Science Daily

High sodium intake may make cells in the female body swell and trigger an immune reaction that contributes to chronic high blood pressure, according to research from Augusta University. “If you are salt-sensitive, you retain salt, you retain water, you have an increase in volume, you start to stretch things, and stretch is bad for cells,” said Jennifer C. Sullivan, a pharmacologist and physiologist in the Department of Physiology at the University’s Medical College who received an Established Investigator Award from the American Heart Association to study the subject. About half of hypertension patients are female, but much of the science to understand and treat hypertension has been done in males, according to Sullivan, who studies gender differences in hypertension. – News Medical

Columnist Krissy Brady compares how sugar and sodium affect the body to see which has a greater effect on health. Overconsumption of foods with added sugars provides few nutritional benefits and can cause an increased risk for chronic disease like diabetes and kidney failure, while a moderate amount of sodium is needed for regular bodily functions. The column notes that most people consume 3,400 milligrams of sodium a day, well above the current dietary guideline of 2,300 milligrams or less. The article concludes that excess sugar is more harmful, because it serves no essential function, and its negative effects compound sodium’s effects in the body. – Women’s Health

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