ag8老虎机

合理饮食(1)每天选择食物品种越多越好

  日期:2014-03-26   点击:9866

每天选择食物品种越多越好

科学依据:

食(shi)(shi)(shi)物(wu)(wu)(wu)可分(fen)为五大类(lei)(lei):谷类(lei)(lei)及薯(shu)类(lei)(lei);动(dong)物(wu)(wu)(wu)性食(shi)(shi)(shi)物(wu)(wu)(wu);奶类(lei)(lei)、豆类(lei)(lei)和(he)(he)坚果(guo);蔬菜、水果(guo)和(he)(he)菌藻类(lei)(lei);油脂等(deng)纯能(neng)量食(shi)(shi)(shi)物(wu)(wu)(wu)。任(ren)何一种(zhong)天(tian)然(ran)食(shi)(shi)(shi)物(wu)(wu)(wu)都(dou)不能(neng)提供人体(ti)所需的(de)(de)全部营(ying)养(yang)(yang)素(su)。平衡膳食(shi)(shi)(shi)必须(xu)由多种(zhong)食(shi)(shi)(shi)物(wu)(wu)(wu)组成,才能(neng)满足人体(ti)各种(zhong)营(ying)养(yang)(yang)需求,达到(dao)合(he)理营(ying)养(yang)(yang)、促进健康的(de)(de)目的(de)(de)。

健康行为:

(1)每天保证谷(gu)类(lei)(lei)及薯类(lei)(lei)、动物(wu)性食(shi)物(wu)、奶(nai)类(lei)(lei)豆类(lei)(lei)和(he)(he)坚(jian)果、蔬菜(cai)水(shui)果和(he)(he)菌藻类(lei)(lei)、纯(chun)能(neng)量(liang)食(shi)物(wu)五大类(lei)(lei)食(shi)物(wu)都能(neng)吃到。

(2)按照同(tong)类(lei)互(hu)(hu)换(huan)、多种(zhong)多样(yang)的(de)原则调配一(yi)日三(san)餐,同(tong)类(lei)互(hu)(hu)换(huan)就是以(yi)(yi)粮(liang)换(huan)粮(liang)、以(yi)(yi)豆(dou)换(huan)豆(dou)、以(yi)(yi)肉换(huan)肉。例如大米可与(yu)面(mian)粉或杂粮(liang)互(hu)(hu)换(huan),瘦(shou)猪肉可与(yu)等量的(de)鸡、鸭、牛、羊、兔(tu)肉等互(hu)(hu)换(huan),鲜牛奶可与(yu)羊奶、酸奶、奶粉等互(hu)(hu)换(huan);尽可能选(xuan)择品种(zhong)、形态、颜色、口(kou)感多样(yang)的(de)食物(wu),并变换(huan)烹(peng)调方法。

(3)如果由于条件(jian)所限无法(fa)采用(yong)(yong)(yong)同(tong)类互换时,也(ye)可以暂用(yong)(yong)(yong)豆(dou)类代(dai)替(ti)乳(ru)类、肉(rou)类;或用(yong)(yong)(yong)蛋类代(dai)替(ti)鱼、肉(rou),不(bu)得已时也(ye)可用(yong)(yong)(yong)花生、瓜子、榛(zhen)子、核桃等坚果代(dai)替(ti)大豆(dou)或肉(rou)、鱼、奶等动物(wu)性食物(wu)。

(4)食物选(xuan)择(ze)时也应考虑自身(shen)的身(shen)体状(zhuang)况,如肥胖的人(ren)要(yao)尽可(ke)能少选(xuan)择(ze)高(gao)能量、高(gao)脂(zhi)肪的食物,乳(ru)糖不耐(nai)受者(zhe)首选(xuan)低乳(ru)糖奶及其制品。

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